If you are managing websites displaying data from non free third party APIs like stock exchange, geo location or travel agency data, sooner or later you will notice site grabbers trying to load that data from your website. Even more so if the data changes on daily bases. Blocking those can lead to a never-ending task.
Usually you would just block the IP within your firewall appliance or iptables setup. But serverless setups are easily switched and even rented servers can get a new IP address quite fast. Even more so if the grabber script is using the tor network meaning the requests will come from thousands of different IP addresses.
Managing all those IPs within a firewall appliance or even iptables can get quite complicated and time-consuming. This is where ipset in combination with iptabels jumps in, helping you to keep all those IPs neatly in one place. Easy to be managed.
Ipset is a iptables module that comes with its own command line tool.
On Debian/Ubuntu installing it is quite easy:
apt-get install ipset
New lists can be created using ipset -N. For now we create a new list called “grabber” where we will store our IPs to be blocked in a hash table.
ipset -N grabber iphash
Now we need to tell iptables that it should use our new list
iptables -A INPUT -m set --match-set grabber src -j DROP
You should change this to work with your current iptables setup if there already is one. This line now drops all traffic from source IP addresses that are found in the ipset list “grabber”.To have this working even after a reboot, that line has to be added to a script run at boot time.
In case the grabbers are using the tor network to launch der requests blocking every single IP manually won’t suffice. In that case we can fetch the currently known list of tor exit node IPs automatically and add them to the list.
Please note: This also blocks the access from regular tor users to your server. If your website should be visible via the tor network this method won’t work for you.
The following bash script fetches all the IPs and adds them to our list:
wget -q https://check.torproject.org/cgi-bin/TorBulkExitList.py?ip=$IP -O -|sed '/^#/d' |while read IP
ipset -q -A grabber $IP
This should be run on a regular basis. Maybe even every couple of minutes.
With this setup you can easily create your own script that check server logs for suspicious requests and block them automatically using the ipset command. Just be sure not to add your own IP by accident 😉